I am in Quebec Canada and my keyboard is a model pc105 with French Canadian Layout.
At the login prompt, the keyboard layout is USA standard. I have been trying to change it by redoing passwords, or via terminal mode. But it has not worked.
During the installation, at the appropriate point, I did specify the Canadian French layout.
I think that the problem is an old Debian bug, where I must default my system language to Canadian French, and then re-choose the keyboard layout, and then revert back to Canadian English.